Periodontal Gum Disease: All You Need to Know

Periodontal Gum Disease: All You Need to Know

Periodontal gum disease is one of the most common dental diseases in America, affecting around 64.7 million Americans. The average age of people who contract is it 30 years or older.

Periodontal disease affects your gum tissues, which hold your teeth in position. Plaque—which is a sticky layer of bacteria—can build over time on your teeth due to poor flossing and brushing habits.

When periodontal disease becomes more severe, it causes sore enamels, bleedings gums, and the patient can experience severe pain. The patients will also experience tooth loss.

What Causes Periodontal Gum Disease?

The root cause of periodontitis is a bacterium known as periodontal bacteria. While this bacterium is naturally present in your mouth and is mostly not harmful, it starts reproducing in large numbers when a film of plaque starts accumulating on your teeth.

Plaque can accumulate in hard-to-reach areas, which is the most common cause of periodontal gum disease. If the plaque is not cleaned through brushing and flossing, minerals can deposit on it over time, which harden the plaque and convert it into a solid substance called tartar.

Tartar can inflame the roots of your teeth, causing spaces to appear between them. This space forms a periodontal pocket, which serves as a surface for harmful periodontal bacteria to colonize and thrive.

The increased activity and metabolism from colonized bacteria can cause inflammation in your gums. Inflammatory gums are your body’s defense mechanism to fight and kill the periodontal bacteria.

What Are The Symptoms Of Periodontal Gum Disease?

The first sign of periodontal gum disease is an inflammation in your gums, which is known as gingivitis. An inflammation, however, is not always easy to recognize. The first thing that patients normally become aware of is when their gums start bleeding during brushing.

You might also be able to notice that your gums have become swollen and red, with a yellowish layer of plaque on top of your teeth. If not treated immediately, gingivitis can turn into periodontitis with no obvious signs that might alert you. In periodontitis, the signs from gingivitis become more severe.

If you pay close attention, you will notice increased bleeding in your gums which may be triggered during brushing or eating. Other symptoms of periodontitis include bad breathe, misalignment of teeth in your jaws, gum recession (your teeth might start lengthening) and pain.

How Is Periodontal Gum Disease Treated?

The most beneficial and common treatment for periodontal gum disease is professional cleaning. While you may notice signs of periodontitis in your gums at a much later stage, a dentist can detect deposition of plaque on your teeth in the initial stages.

If you suspect that your gums are sore and inflamed and your teeth have been bleeding during brushing and eating, it is time to visit a dental health expert.

Bethesda Dental Health is regarded as one of the best dental health clinics in Bethesda. We offer hygiene and periodontal health services in a family-like environment, and at affordable prices. Get in touch with us today to know more about our services!


(301) 654-1887

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